Gardening requires time, money, and materials that add up quickly for most homeowners – but going green can reduce these environmental costs significantly.
Start by conducting an in-depth assessment of your landscape and soil. Select plants suited for both climate and soil conditions. Mulching helps keep the soil cool and rich with nutrients while encouraging beneficial microorganisms that feed plants directly.
1. Choose Native Plants
Plants native to your region tend to thrive better in terms of soil and climate conditions. Furthermore, native varieties require less water, fertilizer and pesticide applications than non-native ones.
No matter your garden goals – bees and hummingbirds love flowers; ground cover provides texture; or rain gardens filter polluted stormwater runoff – native vegetation provides vibrant color and wildlife habitat.
George Coombs, director of horticulture at Mt. Cuba Research and Education Center in Oxford, Ohio advises it is vitally important to know which plants are native to your landscape before purchasing nursery tags, so consult state native-plant societies, Mt. Cuba or ZIP code-based plant databases from organizations like National Audubon Society and National Wildlife Federation as a starting point.
2. Use Organic Fertilizer
Your yard’s soil provides most of its nutritional needs from natural sources; however, annual plants and vegetable gardens may need extra nourishment from organic fertilizers that release slowly to penetrate deep into the soil. When selecting organic fertilizers that release slowly for best results.
Organic lawn fertilizers gradually release nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium without polluting nearby waterways with mineral runoff or mineral runoff pollution. They also promote healthy grass while crowding out weeds which reduces the need for chemical weed killers.
Leave the clippings of your lawn mower behind when mowing as natural fertilizer by leaving them on your lawn after each mow, where they’ll decompose naturally to provide essential nutrients to your turfgrass.
3. Avoid Pesticides
Organic plant and soil care techniques may reduce the need for pesticides; however, should they be necessary, it’s essential that users follow all label instructions carefully and use sparingly as incorrect application can harm both the environment and human health.
Choose native plants, mulch and weed-resistant grasses; consider xeriscaping in dry climates; consider composting yard waste such as leaves and branches instead; avoid bagging lawn clippings (if you do, allow them to decompose instead), using a mulching mower instead of bagging to conserve water, as well as adhering to all safety requirements for handling pesticides – refer to OSH Answers series on Pesticides for information regarding first aid, labeling requirements and reentry times etc.
4. Water Wisely
Conservation and efficiency are at the core of green landscaping. Some key strategies include using soil amendments that promote drainage and air exchange and minimizing runoff when watering.
Use a zoned irrigation system to water individual plants only when necessary and prevent overwatering. Group plants with similar water needs together and only plant lawns where they serve a practical function such as absorbing rainwater, blocking views or noise pollution or providing soft stepping-stone surfaces.
Consider xeriscaping, which focuses on low water-use plantings. Also mulch garden beds and around trees to reduce evaporation, conserve soil moisture, and prevent weeds.
5. Reuse Materials
Green landscaping goes beyond simply planting the appropriate plants; it also involves using recycled materials in your hardscape design. Instead of tossing away apple cores and banana peels as trash, try using them instead to nourish your garden through mulch.
Mulching helps conserve soil moisture, prevents weed growth and decreases water consumption needs. Plus, mulching reduces organic waste sent to landfills!
Reusing materials such as bricks, pavers and concrete pieces to construct a walkway or retaining wall is also an option; when replacing patios consider permeable pavers which have lower environmental impacts.
6. Recycle Materials
Recycled materials have less of an environmental impact when installed into gardens, making reusing jugs, coffee cans and aluminum ice cube trays great ways to green up your yard.
Utilize organic mulch to conserve soil moisture and combat weeds, replace lawns with native species more suitable to the climate of your region, compost grass clippings and leaves to avoid fertilizers and pesticides, or switch up landscapingshipping barcode jeddah practices like xeriscaping for something different altogether. When selectingshipping barcode jeddah hardscape materials such as pavers or concrete alternatives that allow water seepage into the ground instead of running off into streets, storm sewers, or lakes.